The immediate goal of the toilet-training process is the consistent deposit of urine and feces in the toilet. However, the long-term effect is to put in place flexible, adaptive mental attitudes about the body and its products which will last a lifetime. Spanning the interval from approximately age 2 until the elementary school years, the shift from wetting and soiling to bowel and bladder control results in nothing less than major personality growth and transformation.
Before beginning a focused discussion of toilet training , let’s consider the biological and environmental factors which are involved.
Biological and Environmental Factors:
The biological factors include the maturation of the nerves to the lower extremities, the bladder and anal openings. This makes walking and bowel and bladder control possible, as well as the the ability to purposely retain or expel urine and feces.
UNDERSTANDING INFANTS AND TODDLERS AND YOURSELF
How can we understand the amazing changes that take place so rapidly in infants and toddlers during the first few years of life—and in their parents who raise them? The best way is to understand the fascinating subject of human development. In other words, how do babies, who are programmed from birth, indeed, from the nine months in utero; to become healthy, productive adults as they pass through infancy, childhood and adolescence? Even though adults don’t have accurate memories of these early years, their experiences in the first few years of life lay the foundation for what they become as adults, and consciously and unconsciously influence the way they raise their infants and toddlers. So, with this awareness in mind, let’s begin to understand with a definition of development.
WHAT ARE THE STAGES OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT?
Dealing with a toddler is awesome, frustrating, overwhelming and magnificent, all at the same time. Children of this age truly are forces of nature. For all parents, but particularly working parents, raising a toddler can seem to be a second fulltime job, even when it is compressed into evenings and weekends.
Let’s look at some basic concepts about development between the ages of 1 and 3.The years between 1 and 3 are a time of explosive physical growth and psychological development. During this relatively brief interval, toddlers develop a strong sense of self and the ability to maintain relationships with others; the capacity to walk and talk; and the ability to utilize and control their body, mind, and environment in sophisticated ways.
Getting My Child to Eat
Another reflection of the toddler's growing autonomy and complexity is her attitude about food. Whereas infants have a limited diet and little ability to discriminate between foods, toddlers have strong food preferences. In addition, during the second year of life, healthy toddlers insist on controlling the acts of eating and drinking themselves. Foods are touched and smelled, as well as tasted. Some foods are preferred or rejected because of color, texture, or temperature, as well as taste.